The remains of Sixtus were transferred by the Christians to the papal crypt in the neighbouring cemetery of St. Callistus. Died: 6 August 258 AD in Rome, Italy. Saint Pope Sixtus II. Today, his remains, along with the remains of his nephew Pope Julius II (Giuliano della Rovere), are interred in St. Peter's Basilica, in the floor in front of the monument to Pope Clement X. His alleged authorship of the Sentences of Sextus (a collection of maxims on spiritual perfection) is dubious. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. He was the nephew of Pope Sixtus IV. He was elected in August 257 to succeed Pope St. Stephen I, during whose pontificate there arose a conflict with certain Eastern churches over the rebaptism of converted heretics. Sixtus II (XYSTUS), Saint, POPE, elected August 31, 257, martyred at Rome, August 6, 258.His origin is unknown. The next Sixtus was today’s… Sixtus II & Felicissimus & Agapitus here and here St. Cajetan Cajetan, a co-founder of the Theatines, received the office of protonotary at Rome from Pope Julius II when still quite young. Pope Sixtus V brief, 1586. His origin is unknown. He died a martyr. 257.08.30 – 258.08.06. Sixtus II of Rome, also Xystus from Greek: Ξυστος, was the bishop of Rome from 257 to 258. Learn how Saint Nicholas became a part of Christmas in a biography written for children. Eine bisher nicht erkannte Schrift des Papstes Sixtus II. Life; Legacy; See … Pope Sixtus I (42 – 124, 125, 126 or 128), a Roman of Greek descent, was the Bishop of Rome from c. 115 to his death c. 124. Sixtus V, Pope, 1520-1590. Rufinus ascribes them to Sixtus of Rome, bishop and martyr. Our pope this week is one of the greatest heroes of the ancient Church that you’ve never heard of. Bishops, priests, and deacons could be put to death without a trial. Pope Sixtus II or Pope Saint Sixtus II (a corruption of Greek Ξυστος, Xystus, "polished") was Pope from 30 August 257 to 6 August 258. Saint Nicholas was a bishop known now as Santa Claus. Sixtus II was the 24th pope and the second of four men to use the name Sixtus. He thus restored relations with those churches that had been severed by Stephen because of the conflict and sent an envoy to Bishop St. Cyprian of Carthage, Stephen’s opponent. Image credit: Pope Sixtus II by Sandro Botticelli, 15th century. Harnack (Texte und Untersuchungen zur altchrist. A Greek pope, Sixtus II led the Church during Emperor Valerian's rule, a difficult time for Christians. Almost 18 centuries, in fact. Although Stephen firmly upheld the Roman rule that rendered … Buried in the nearby cemetery of Callistus, Sixtus later became one of the most revered martyrs of the early church. He was elected in August 257 to succeed Pope St. Stephen I, during whose pontificate there arose a conflict with certain Eastern churches over the rebaptism of converted heretics. Pope Sixtus II was one of the first victims of this persecution, being beheaded on 6 August. Sixtus II is referred to by name in the Roman Canon of the Mass. A Roman of Greek descent, Sixtus was elected to the papacy in 257. Sixtus II restored the relations with the African and Eastern churches which had been broken off by his predecessor on the question of heretical baptism raised by the heresy Novatianism. Julius II viewed as the main task of his pontificate the restoration of the Papal States, which had been reduced to ruin by the Borgias.Large portions of it had been appropriated by Venice after Alexander VI’s death. Saint Nicholas December 06. A marble tombstone marks the site. Sixtus avoided persecution for many months. for more about Pope Sixtus, see http://catholicsaints.info/pope-saint-sixtus-ii/ The martyrdom of St. Sixtus was dramatic. Supreme Pontiff of the Universal Church. He was martyred along with six deacons— Januarius, Vincentius, Magnus, Stephanus, Felicissimus and Agapitus. He is commemorated on August 7.. Life. He was martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. Saint Sixtus II, (born, Greece?—died Aug. 6, 258, Rome [Italy]; feast day August 7), pope from 257 to 258, one of the early Roman Church’s most venerated martyrs. "Saint Sixtus II and Companions", Franciscan Media, "St. Xystus, or Sixtus II., Pope and Martyr", Collected works by Migne Patrologia Latina, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pope_Sixtus_II&oldid=997815278, Christian martyrs executed by decapitation, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 10:42. Vicar of Jesus Christ. Date Event Title; 31 Aug 257: Elected: Pope (Roma {Rome}, Italy) 6 Aug 258: Died: Pope (Roma {Rome}, Italy) MicroData Summary for St. Sixtus (VIAF: 1336166) Pope St. Sixtus (died 6 Aug 258) Pope of Roma {Rome} Event Place Birth Place: Greece; In the persecutions under Emperor Valerian in 258, numerous bishops, priests, and deacons were put to death. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. The “Liber Pontificalis” says that he was a Greek by birth, but this is probably a mistake, originating from the false assumption that he was identical with a Greek philosopher of the same name, who was the author of the so-called “Sentences” of Xystus. Pope Saint Sixtus II Profile. Pope Sixtus II (died 6 August 258) was the Pope or Bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. A new edict focused on essential targets. Sixtus II had to be consecrated as Pope in secret because of the times. The following inscription honoring Sixtus was placed on his tomb in the catacomb of Callixtus by Pope Damasus I: At the time when the sword pierced the bowels of the Mother, I, buried here, taught as Pastor the Word of God; when suddenly the soldiers rushed in and dragged me from the chair. His family was poor. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. St Sixtus and Companions by Fra Angelico Saint Sixtus II, Pope, and Companions, MartyrsEarly Third Century – 258 August 7—Optional MemorialLiturgical Color: RedPatron Saint of Bellegra, Italy The Pope is murdered in cold blood The sixth pope was named the “Sixth” or, in Latin, “Sixtus.” He reigned from 115–125 A.D. Early Life. Of Greek origin, Sixtus was a deacon of the Church of Rome under Bishop Stephen.Nothing is known of his early life. Martyred with St. Lawrence and six other deacons. He was martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. Public Domain via Wikimedia. Pope St. Sixtus II. Pope Saint Sixtus II (also called Xystus, meaning "polished") was bishop of Rome from August 30, 257 to August 6, 258.He died a brutal death as a martyr during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. Political activities. [1] Lawrence of Rome, his best-known deacon, suffered martyrdom on 10 August, four days after his bishop.[3]. He repaired the rift between the sees of Rome and Carthage that had developed over the issue of baptism and rebaptism. The feast of St. Sixtus II and these six deacons is celebrated on 6 August, the day of their martyrdom. Although Stephen firmly upheld the Roman rule that rendered rebaptism unnecessary, Sixtus, supposedly influenced by Bishop St. Dionysius the Great of Alexandria, adopted a more conciliatory attitude by tolerating the Eastern policies of rebaptism. Another composition written at Rome, between 253 and 258, is generally agreed to be his. The faithful offered their necks to the sword, but as soon as the Pastor saw the ones who wished to rob him of the palm (of martyrdom) he was the first to offer himself and his own head, not tolerating that the (pagan) frenzy should harm the others. His feast is celebrated on 6 April. University of Pennsylvania Library: referencedIn: Fundación y dotación, con la Bula necesaria de Sisto Quinto, echa por Dña. It is certain that Pope Sixtus II is not their author (see Conybeare, "The Ring of Pope Xystus now first rendered into English, with an historical and critical commentary", London, 1910). But in early August 258, Valerian got serious. He died as a martyr during the persecution by Emperor Valerian. Metropolitan Archbishop of … [1] Contents. They remained in that position in the General Roman Calendar until 1969, when, with the abolition of commemorations, the memorial of Sixtus "and his companions" was moved to 7 August, the day immediately after that of their death.[4]. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Bishop of Rome. …a vigorous reformer who succeeded Sixtus II as pope, faced the urgent task of reorganizing the church....…, …the Roman church serving Pope Sixtus II, whose martyrdom preceded Lawrence’s by a few days: they were...…, Roman Catholicism, Christian church that has been the decisive spiritual force in the history of Western...…. Born in Greece, he was pope for just a short period before becoming a martyr for his position and beliefs. found: Catholic Encyclopedia www site, 5 Oct. 2007: Pope St. Sixtus II page (elected 31 Aug. 257, martyred at Rome, 6 Aug. 258; Xystus) Change Notes 1981-11-02 : new Pope Sixtus's tomb was destroyed in the Sack of Rome in 1527. Sixtus is thought by some to be the author of the pseudo-Cyprianic writing Ad Novatianum, though this view has not found general acceptance. He was martyred along with seven deacons, including Lawrence of Rome during the persecution of Christians by Emperor Valerian. As a first step as pope, Julius subjugated Perugia and Bologna in the autumn of 1508. Successor of the Prince of the Apostles. Pierpont Morgan Library. He succeeded Pope Alexander I and was in turn succeeded by Pope Telesphorus. There, he and four deacons, Saints Januarius, Vincent, Magnus, and Stephen, were seized and either beheaded immediately or brought to court and returned for execution. Pope Sixtus IV (21 July 1414 – 12 August 1484), born Francesco della Rovere, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 9 August 1471 to his death. Born: the 3rd Century in Greece, Europe. Corrections? This Week's Stories. He was martyred along with six deacons during the persecution of the Catholic Church by Emperor Valerian. 16. He was martyred along with six deacons— Januarius, Vincentius, Magnus, Stephanus, Felicissimus and Agapitus. For protection, Sixtus gathered (Aug. 6, 258) his congregation for services in the subterranean cemetery of Praetextatus on the Appian Way. Sixtus II was one of the early popes who came from Greece. He decreed that the people should chant with the priest during the Sanctus at the Holy Communion section of the Catholic Mass.. Pope Julius II (Latin: Iulius Secundus; December 5, 1443 - February 21, 1513), originally Giuliano Della Rovere, was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 217th Pope from 1503 until his death in 1513. Christ, who gives recompense, made manifest the Pastor's merit, preserving unharmed the flock. Pope St. Sixtus I (in the oldest documents, Xystus is the spelling used for the first three popes of that name), succeeded St. Alexander and was followed by St. Telesphorus.According to the "Liberian Catalogue" of popes, he ruled the Church during the reign of Adrian "a conulatu Nigri et Aproniani usque Vero III et Ambibulo", that is, from 117 to 126. Lawrence of Rome, his best-known deacon, suffered martyrdom on 10 August, 3 days after his bishop, as Sixtus had prophesied. Omissions? Elected 31 Aug., 257, martyred at Rome, 6 Aug., 258. He was known as "the Warrior Pope." creatorOf: Sixtus V, Pope, 1520-1590. He is considered a Saint by the Catholic Church. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Pope Sixtus V (December 13, 1521 - August 27, 1590), born Felice Peretti di Montalto, was Pope from April 24, 1585 to August 27, 1590. Behind his tomb was enshrined the bloodstained chair on which he had been beheaded Updates? The "Liber Pontificalis" says that he was a Greek by birth, but this is probably a mistake, originating from the false assumption that he was identical with a Greek philosopher of the same name, who was the author of the so-called "Sentences" of Xystus. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Pope Julius II appears to have been more interested in the status of the papacy than his own personal fame; nevertheless, his name will be forever linked with some of the most remarkable artistic works of the 16th century. [5], Miller, OFM, Don. Although Michelangelo completed a tomb for Julius, the pope was instead interred in St. Peter's near his uncle, Sixtus IV. His accomplishments as pope included the construction of the Sistine … 19 by Adolf von Harnack ( Book ); Saint Laurence of Rome: his ordination as a deacon by Pope Sixtus II. [1] The Tridentine Calendar commemorated Sixtus, Felicissimus, and Agapitus on the feast of the Transfiguration of the Lord, 6 August. Autograph signature to a document, 1590 Mar. A new edict focused on essential targets. Contents[show] Biography Early life Felice Peretti was born on December 13, 1521 at Grottammare, in the Papal States, to Pier Gentile (also known as Peretto Peretti), and Marianna da Frontillo. Subsequent legend wrongly claims his martyrdom by crucifixion. From the Catholic Encyclopedia (XYSTUS). Sixtus avoided persecution for many months. You can read about the beheading of Pope Saint Sixtus II and his life in this article. Shortly after Sixtus’ election, the Roman emperor Valerian promulgated his first decree against the Christians, and a violent persecution ensued. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Ruled from 257-258. He died a martyr during the persecution of emperor Valerian. Pope Sixtus I (also known as Xystus) was the sixth successor to Saint Peter as the Bishop of Rome of the Catholic Church.He served from approximately 116-125 C.E. Saint Sixtus II, (born, Greece?—died Aug. 6, 258, Rome [Italy]; feast day August 7), pope from 257 to 258, one of the early Roman Church’s most venerated martyrs. Well, at least, not until now. On August 6, 258, Pope Sixtus II was with his flock, seated and preaching the word of God, probably at Mass, in the catacombs. Pope Sixtus II was bishop of Rome from 31 August 257 until his death on 6 August 258. Like his predecessor Stephen, Sixtus believed that baptism is a once-in-a-lifetime event, but unlike Stephen, Sixtus tolerated those who rebaptized. But in early August 258, Valerian got serious. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Saint-Sixtus-II. Pope Sixtus II St. Sixtus † Deceased Pope (Roma {Rome}, Italy) Events. Pope Sixtus II was one of the first victims of this persecution, being beheaded on 6 August. vom Jahre 257/8, Zur Petrusapokalypse, Patristisches zu Luc. Worked in Italy. 31 December 1481. In 257, the formerly peaceable Emperor Valerian issued an anti-Christian edict which forbade Christians from assembling in cemeteries. [1], According to the Liber Pontificalis, he was born in Greece and was a philosopher;[2] however, this is uncertain, and is disputed by modern western historians arguing that the authors of Liber Pontificalis confused him with that of the contemporary author Xystus, who was a Greek student of Pythagoreanism.[1]. He was only pope for a short time, but his witness and heroic martyrdom left a mark that has echoed down through the centuries.
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