Of course, it depends on where in Antarctica. There’s one for hopeful Antarctica facts. Captain Jorge Palma, led the Argentine Army detachment at Esperanza Base in Antarctica’s Trinity Peninsula. 15 Interesting facts about Antarctica 1. East Antarctica lies mostly in the east longitudes and is larger than West Antarctica, which lies wholly in the west longitudes. Drill samples point to the lake existing as far back as 25 million years ago. Despite this, there’s been no development at all of the Antarctic lands, as per international treaty forbidding such development. In 1599, Dutchman Dirck Gerritsz described land in the vicinity of the South Shetland Islands, and through the 1600s Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, English and French navigators penetrated south of Cape Horn. Its highest peak rises about 2.7 km, but it’s buried by around 600 meters of ice and snow. The same goes for most scientists and other people in Antarctica. It’s also the name of a Russian research station in East Antarctica, which stands on the ice above Lake Vostok. The average thickness of ice in Antarctica is about 1 mile (1.6 km). Despite these limitations, over 100,000 tons of fish get caught every year in Antarctic waters. Science then replaced whaling and sealing as the primary year-round human activity in Antarctica. The ice fish compensates with a slow metabolism and the fact that oxygen is more soluble in cold than warm water. The flat and unbroken central region of the continent allows winds to reach high speeds over vast distances. These shelvesâthe Ross Ice Shelf and the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelfâtogether with other shelves around the continental margins, fringe about 45 percent of Antarctica. On average, the Antarctic cold reached -63°C. Antarctica Facts and Information 1) Where is Antarctica on the globe? There is some truth to the urban legend, since doctors need to get their appendix removed before getting posted to Antarctica. The ice on Antarctica isn’t smooth and uniform no matter what your eyes tell you. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This is the result of global warming, the heating of the planet as a whole by humans putting more and more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Does it have mountains? There are also known deposits of other metals like platinum, copper, chromium, nickel, and even gold. Aristotle wrote in his book Meteorology about Antarctic region already in c. 350 B.C. One of the cooler Antarctica facts: Because Antarctica is isolated from the rest of the world, its biodiversity is limited. There are 3 reasons for this: First is that the Arctic is only ice floating on water. Facts About Antarctica Ice melting in Antarctica has caused a small shift in gravity within the region. The continent was ice-free during most of its lengthy geologic history, and there is no reason to believe it will not become so again. There aren’t any grass, trees or similar plant life in Antarctica. The name Antarctica is the romanized version of the Greek compound word ἀνταρκτική (antarktiké). It might come as a disappointment, but that’s a definite example of Antarctica facts. Antarctica’s distance from the rest of the world also means fewer contaminants to clog the sky. Geologists collect evidence and piece together Antarctica’s history from today back to when it was part of the Gondwana supercontinent. Over time, this supercontinent broke apart, and the various pieces drifted off in different directions. One is Esperanza Base on Trinity Peninsular, which was founded by Argentina. 10 Fun Facts About Antarctica November 26, 2012. Antarctica has a surface area of over 14 million km². There is also evidence of rich oil and gas deposits in the waters around the continent. Antarctica is the only continent with no native species of ants. Out in the wilderness, it’s not a problem, since there’s nothing to burn. The ice-choked and stormy seas around Antarctica long hindered exploration by wooden-hulled ships. However, it poses a threat to research stations. However, it’s the melting of the ice shelves that causes ocean levels to rise. The USA once built a small nuclear reactor in Antarctica to power the McMurdo Station in 1962. People usually picture penguins when they think about the animals in Antarctica. The most recent eruption was in 1972 and continued until 1992. 3. Temperatures reached a peak of 18.3°C, beating the 2015 record of 17.5°C. Despite efforts to help her by other scientists, the seal mauled Brown to death. Over the course of summer and winter, melting and freezing ice removes and adds over 30 million km² to Antarctica. Here’s a particularly cool example of Antarctica facts: It even earned Metallica a world record as the only band to play in all 7 continents. Wisdom teeth removal depends on whether or not the dentist prescribes it. It means southern land in Latin. It was also not evident that such a continent existed until it was seen by humans in the 19 th century. During winter, the Earth is always at its furthest from the Sun, while in summer, it is at its closest. Its average thickness is about 5,900 feet (1,800 metres). Even in summer, the temperature never rises above zero, while in winter the sun never rises. Often described as a continent of superlatives, Antarctica is the world’s southernmost continent. Even in summer, the temperature never rises above zero, while in winter the sun never rises. Fact 1: Antarctica surrounds the South Pole and it is a place of extremes.The coldest, windiest and driest weather conditions occur there. 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